Tips for Using Natural Light in Still Life Photography

chiaroscuro in food photographyHarnessing light can be the most challenging aspect of photography. So you got a window, eh? Well, now what do you do with it? How you direct light will dramatically change the mood of your photos. But guess what? You don’t need any fancy equipment to do it!

Let’s talk about my three favorite styles of lighting for food photography and how you can recreate these looks in your own home.

DIFFUSING LIGHT

Please note that for each of these setups, you will need to use sheer, pure white curtain panels or privacy film on your windows to diffuse the light. If you’re shooting on an overcast day, this may not be necessary.

DARK & MOODY LIGHTING

The photo above is an example of chiaroscuro in photography. Chiaroscuro, traditionally a painting technique famously employed by Renaissance artists such as Rembrandt, is the dramatic contrast of light and dark in an image. Whatever is lit in the image becomes the focal point, highlighted by the surrounding darkness. This lighting technique creates rich, moody vignettes. 

chiaroscuro in food photographyThe scene above is carefully arranged to direct light onto the side of my subject, while keeping the backdrop and background items in the shadows.

To create this look, you will need dark boards and possibly tape if you need to block off part of the light coming in from the window. For my backdrop, I used a black chalkboard, although the texture of it can’t be seen because I didn’t allow enough light back there to showcase it at all.

My black flag* is a piece of black foam board, and for my floor drop, I used textural wood boards. If you want an even starker contrast to highlight your subject, you might try a black floor drop, such as a black chalkboard, dark stained wood, or a dark baking sheet.

*A black flag is just something dark to absorb/block light. Black flags are helpful in shading the camera and portions of a subject and are also excellent tools to create dramatic shadows.

chiaroscuro in food photography

Arrange your setup as shown in the diagram above, propping up your backdrop and black flag with heavy items found in your home, such as paint cans or buckets.

The black flag you use can be any dark object, like a black piece of foam board, a board covered in black fabric, or an actual collapsible black flag meant for use in photography. It’s important that whatever you use for this is not reflective because we want it to absorb light, not bounce it back to the subject.

The main objective in your setup should be to strictly control the light. Make sure the background is left in the shadows and that your subject is just barely within the flood of light from the window.

 Extra contrast can be created by holding a black flag (such as a sheet of dark card stock) to block light from hitting the foreground of the floor drop in front of the subject.

chiaroscuro in food photographyLook at that drama! I think these moody scenes are perfect for this time of year when cozy sweaters and hot cider are close to our hearts.

bright backlit photos using natural lightBRIGHT & ETHEREAL LIGHTING

Bright and airy styling is a bit of a trend in product and food photography. The use of white, lots of light, and sparse accessories lends a crisp and refreshing feel to an image. This style of photography is a staple for some food photographers, but works particularly well with summery recipes.

bright backlit photos using natural lightThis backlit setup is wonderful for creating interest as generous highlights are created by the light that spills over top and around your backlit subject. It’s also the easiest way to create a bright background without any shadows behind your subject.

To create this kind of light-washed image, you’ll need a white floor drop and a couple of large pieces of white foam board. For my floor drop, I used white painted boards to give more interest to the image, rather than using a plain white surface like foam board or painted plywood.

You can create texture with a white floor drop by adding other white elements, like layered table linens, crumpled white paper, lace, or anything else you can imagine. Just make sure your floor drop is predominantly white in order to get the most light in your image. 

bright backlit photos using natural light

Arrange your setup as shown in the above diagram, with your subject in front of the window, tilted slightly to help the light come in at an angle, rather than directly behind the subject. Use white foam board or collapsible reflectors to bounce the light from the window back onto the front of the subject.

Without the reflectors, your subject will become lost in the blow-out of light coming in from the window. Larger reflectors will give you the best diffused light in the front of your subject, but for close-up shots, holding up pieces of white card stock might be enough to properly light the front of your subject.

bright backlit photos using natural lightThis bright setup will give you limited shadows and lots of light. Interest is created by the amount of highlights achieved by the backlighting from the window. So airy and refreshing, eh? It kind of makes me want to clean my whole house! Kind of.

achieve bright, even lighting using natural light— here's how!EVEN LIGHTING

Still settling on a style for your indoor photography? Even lighting is a good place to start when trying to achieve consistent, quality images. It’s about as middle-of-the-road as you can get, giving you flexibility with backdrops, colors, and styling accessories. I consider this style of lighting the vanilla of the photography world, but that’s not a bad thing! Vanilla is my favorite flavor.

achieve bright, even lighting using natural light— here's how!To create an evenly lit image, you’ll want to assemble a makeshift light box next to your window. To do this, all you need is two large pieces of white foam board (or a white collapsible reflector). If you don’t want a white background, then you’ll just need one piece of foam board and then whatever background material you want.

achieve bright, even lighting using natural light— here's how!

To get a natural looking, evenly lit image, you’ll want the white reflector to be positioned directly parallel to your window, as close to your subject as you can get, without the reflector intruding in your image. This will bounce the light from the window so that you get light on both sides of the subject, with the light from the window being a bit stronger than the light bounced from the reflector. This will give you soft shadows on the reflector side of the image.

To further even out the lighting, I like to use a white backdrop to reflect light to the back of the subject. This isn’t necessary, though it’s my personal preference. You can leave off the backdrop if you want to show your home in the image, or choose a medium-tone backdrop with some texture to it, such as a board tightly covered in fabric, or even wallpaper. 

The further the backdrop is from your object, the less shadows you’ll have on it. You can also tilt the backdrop so that the top of it leans backwards a bit, helping reduce shadows by reflecting light upward as well as forward.

achieve bright, even lighting using natural light— here's how!You can adapt this evenly lit style by removing the white reflector to give you more pronounced shadows, creating a bit of drama (see right image above).

For even more drama, you can put up a black flag to create even more intense shadows. Don’t worry— unless you actually block the light from hitting part of your subject, you won’t get the high drama of the image I showed at the beginning of this post with the chiaroscuro style of lighting.

NOTE: Make sure you remember to diffuse the light coming in from your window with pure white sheers or privacy film. If you don’t diffuse the light on a sunny day, it will be much stronger than the lighting shown in the images above, but hey— that might not be a bad thing!

Whatever your photography goals might be, one thing is true for us all: The more you practice, the better you’ll be! If you want more photography tips or challenges check out ABM’s DSLR Basics e-course. Mandi

Credits // Author and Photography: Mandi Johnson. 

  • Each and every step clearly explore no any confusion to follow it.. Thanks!!

  • You guys, this is an amazing post! Thank you so much for this, I’ve been struggling with set ups and this has really helped clarify some things for me. Me and my photography thanks you!

  • This is great! I am currently trying to teach myself food photography and lighting is such a minefield! I love your graphics and that you make me realise that I can do this without spending a fortune on expensive equipment!!

  • Really really great tips for photography thanks so much for this post! Beautiful photos too! One point that I noticed though–I wanted to gently raise the point that chiaroscuro was a Renaissance technique Da Vinci perfected, but it really became well known in the 17th century Baroque period and Rembrandt was a Baroque artist. Sorry! I have a career in art and I know details on art movements can be easy to mix up so just wanted to gently point that out. Love your post!

  • Your photography is amazing, really helpful tips!

    – Grace xx

    PS. would really appreciate it if you could check out my blog and maybe subscribe if you feel so inclined? <3
    http://voguebeach.blogspot.co.uk/

  • Thanks for sharing these photo tips! 🙂
    http://thestyleaddition.blogspot.com/

  • All my compliments for this very useful post, I’ll try soon your tips… And hope to improve my food photography.
    Merry XMas,
    Veronica

  • All my compliments for this very useful post, I’ll try soon your tips… And hope to improve my food photography.
    Merry XMas,
    Veronica

  • Great tips! I’ve been feeling low and timid recently, I need a confidence pep-talk, can you guys make a blog post about confidence?

  • This is so helpful Mandi…the illustrations are help so much to understand the layout..and to think you put so much effort into each pic, no wonder they all look so awesome… happy holidays!

    xo
    Hems
    agoldentulip.blogspot.com

  • I love taking photos but never thought about using reflectors! Thank you so much, this was a lovely and helpful post! Xoxoxo

    <3 http://thoughtsintiffanyblue.blogspot.com/ <3

  • It’s crazy to think that all these images are essentially the same, yet they look so different just because of the lighting! -Audrey | Brunch at Audrey’s

  • These are great tips! It has the diagrams AND the examples are given with the same subjects arranged in the same way, which is something most tutorials don’t have. Using the same subject really makes it easier to see the difference between each look.
    I was actually trying to create a guide like this one (although not as good or complete) for a couple of friends who always struggle a bit more than me when trying to take photos of the goods they sell, but next time I’ll just send them a link to this blog post!

  • This is amazing!!! Thank you so much for sharing. You’re the best! As an amateur in photography, I love how you take the time and effort to draw everything and describe it without making it too complicated.
    Running White Horses

  • Such great tips! I’ve been trying to make some decent post pictures but it seems impossible as my apartment gets zero natural lighting. Might give the even lighting technique a try with a warm white lightbulb

    www.RainyAllie.com

  • hey this is great, I had been admiring an editorial “a pilgrims feast” from the 2012 Martha stewart and wondering how to recreate that dramatic lighting!

  • These tips are amazing! I’m really trying to improve my photography, and this post was very helpful. It’s also so much fun to get a behind-the-scenes look at how you all create such beautiful posts at A Beautiful Mess. Thanks for sharing!

    -Helen

    http://www.sweethelengrace.com

  • I just bought a camera and I have been playing a little bit with it, but I’m still struggling a lot. This post is a life saver! Thanks

    http://www.loveludy.com/

  • Great tips! It’s so difficult these days to make good pictures with day light

    Xo

  • Love your tips especially how they came with illustrations! I recently got a reflector but I haven’t got around to use it but I’ll take your tips into consideration 🙂

    It’s Me, Hanie

  • Wow super helpful!! I just purchased an ego light for the evenings when I don’t have the light to work with. Love it and have been playing around with angles but still definitely novice work. The diagrams are awesome! Thank you for sharing 🙂

  • YEAYYYYYYYYYYY thank you so much 😀 super super super super super duper helpful <3 more photography tips, always! <3

  • Thank you so much for posting this! It’s so incredibly helpful to see the behind-the-scenes set ups of different types of shots. If I hadn’t already filled out your reader survey, I would pick this as my favorite post!

  • Wow this is fascinating! I tend to shoot mostly airy photos, but I love the moody inspiration, too!

  • Great tips! Taking decent pictures is way harder than you’d think. This is very helpful! Thanks!

  • thanks for the tips, I found this incredibly useful and I’m always trying to learn new things about food photography! xx. gigi. www.gigikkitchen.com

  • Finally! Mysteries revealed! Thanks! I’ll use these when taking shots for our organization’s blog.

  • this was incredibly helpful! thanks for your tips I really appreciate them. xx. gigi. www.gigikkitchen.com

  • Thanks for sharing!Your tips are really helpfull
    I like it when photo’s are a bit more real and not all after effects and photoshopped. But real and pure representations of the moment’s that passed.

    xx

    Curvybird.blogspot.nl

  • This post is exactly what the doctor ordered! The other day I was having issues galore with my small apartment’s lighting. I love how you’ve even drawn us a diagram for the different styles! If this is anything like your DSLR e-course, sign me up!

  • These are such AMAZING tips! It is nice to see the diagrams as well – I am definitely a visual learner. I will be using these techniques for me and my sister’s blog in the very near future!

    Maggie
    www.unboundprocess.com

  • Thank you for this! Such a helpful tutorial! I have some of these items on my Christmas list and if all goes well with Santa, I will be working on this next week. 🙂

  • We’ve figured this out with trial and error—but I love your graphics, wish I had those when I was starting out with food photography;)

  • Great tips! i really love these posts!
    I want read more about this in the blog!
    Alejandra
    ( En La Botica blog)

  • This is brilliant. I really like the first effect (but it might be due to the season, as you noted). It takes a lot of practice to master the natural light, but it’s totally worth it.

  • I love these tips! I’m always struggling to get the right look with these photos. I’m really just getting the hang of my “big girl” camera, so I can’t wait to up my game a little with this. Thanks!

    http://www.lifespruceblog.com

  • Thank you so much for these awesome tips! I have been hoping to find a post like this!

  • Thanks for this post it’s extremely helpful. I love that your tips include easy to recreate ideas and affordable options.

    amberbutbetter.blogspot.com

  • Thanks for these tips! I recently made a light box to photograph my art, and I LOVE it! So easy to make!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.